08.31.2017

"The Lyme Disease Pandemic"

Lyme disease was unknown in Canada up until the 1980s. Initially, it was identified only at Long Point and Point Pelee, Ont; which is the farthest south you can get in Canada. Since then, Lyme disease has become established from Nova Scotia to B.C. Luckily Alberta, Saskatchewan and NWT are yet to become infected. There are now 8 known types of ticks carrying lyme in Canada; along with that, ticks can now live all year round; withstanding even some of the harshest conditions our weather has to offer.

3 classifications for Lyme

Early Detection 3-30 days

  • Flu like symptoms within 7-14 days of contraction
  • Skin lesions; bullseye potentially, non-pruritic, not itchy, slowly increases in size,
  • secondary skin lesions can also appear

Chronic Lyme 30 days-3 months

  • Severe head and neck pain
  • Chronic arthritis
  • Effusion of 1 or more joints
  • Muscle weakness, tingling/numbness
  • Paralysis and/or weakness of muscles of the face

Late Lyme > 3 months

  • Memory loss
  • Concentration loss
  • Ocular retinitis (retinal infection)
  • Distal paresthesia
  • Development of food intolerances

How Lyme affects your body

  • Lyme disease is caused by a type of bacterium known as a spirochete
  • Spirochete is defined as coiled hair
  • These spirochetes are some of the most ancient bacteria on Earth, they have been around billions of years
  • This family of spirochete have 15 different groups
  • Researchers are suspecting that spirochetes are potentially the cause of many human conditions with unknown causes such as MS, ALS and even cancers
  • Borrelia is a genus of bacteria within the spirochete phylum
  • Borrelia is transmitted by ticks and some lice
  • Borrelia is located in the saliva of ticks
  • The spirochetes will spiral through any type of tissue and can lay dormant for years in a cystic state within the body
  • The bacterium does not necessarily want to kill its host, it simply wants to live with you in the strongest weakest system that will allow it to live and multiply
  • There are 36 known species!
  • Ticks pick up the bacteria when they bite mice, deer, rabbits, birds, squirrels other rodents that are infected with Lyme disease
  • Individuals contract the disease when they are bitten by an infected tick in its larva, nymph or adult stage
  • DNA of the tick is altered as it enters its host, the bacterium tricks the host DNA to not attack!
  • Once bitten it may take 24-36 hrs of attachment before infection may occur
  • The infamous “bullseye” rash can show up 3-7 days post tick bite
  • A bullseye may not show up where bite occurred, the rash may also be atypical and present in other formations


To learn more about Anne Hartley's and "The Lyme Disease Pandemic" click HERE


Rileigh Alger-MacColl, CAT(C) - Certified Athletic Therapist